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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 136

of 'Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: Epidemiology and immunopathogenesis'

CD4+CD25bright regulatory T cells actively regulate inflammation in the joints of patients with the remitting form of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
de Kleer IM, Wedderburn LR, Taams LS, Patel A, Varsani H, Klein M, de Jager W, Pugayung G, Giannoni F, Rijkers G, Albani S, Kuis W, Prakken B
J Immunol. 2004;172(10):6435.
This study investigates the role of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells during the clinical course of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Persistent oligoarticular JIA (pers-OA JIA) is a subtype of JIA with a relatively benign, self-remitting course while extended oligoarticular JIA (ext-OA JIA) is a subtype with a much less favorable prognosis. Our data show that patients with pers-OA JIA display a significantly higher frequency of CD4(+)CD25(bright) T cells with concomitant higher levels of mRNA FoxP3 in the peripheral blood than ext-OA JIA patients. Furthermore, while numbers of synovial fluid (SF) CD4(+)CD25(bright) T cells were equal in both patient groups, pers-OA JIA patients displayed a higher frequency of CD4(+)CD25(int) T cells and therefore of CD4(+)CD25(total) in the SF than ext-OA JIA patients. Analysis of FoxP3 mRNA levels revealed a high expression in SF CD4(+)CD25(bright) T cells of both patient groups and also significant expression of FoxP3 mRNA in the CD4(+)CD25(int) T cell population. The CD4(+)CD25(bright) cells of both patient groups and the CD4(+)CD25(int) cells of pers-OA JIA patients were able to suppress responses of CD25(neg) cells in vitro. A markedly higher expression of CTLA-4, glucocorticoid-induced TNFR, and HLA-DR on SF CD4(+)CD25(bright) T regulatory (Treg) cells compared with their peripheral counterparts suggests that the CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg cells may undergo maturation in the joint. In correlation with this mature phenotype, the SF CD4(+)CD25(bright) T cells showed an increased regulatory capacity in vitro compared with peripheral blood CD4(+)CD25(bright) T cells. These data suggest that CD4(+)CD25(bright) Treg cells play a role in determining the patient's fate toward either a favorable or unfavorable clinical course of disease.
University Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatric Immunology and Immunology Advanced Center on Preclinical Immuno-genomics Institute for Translational Medicine, Utrecht, The Netherlands.