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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 34

of 'Invasive Malassezia infections'

Antifungal Susceptibility Testing of Malassezia spp. with an Optimized Colorimetric Broth Microdilution Method.
Leong C, Buttafuoco A, Glatz M, Bosshard PP
J Clin Microbiol. 2017;55(6):1883. Epub 2017 Apr 5.
Malassezia is a genus of lipid-dependent yeasts. It is associated with common skin diseases such as pityriasis versicolor and atopic dermatitis and can cause systemic infections in immunocompromised individuals. Owing to the slow growth and lipid requirements of these fastidious yeasts, convenient and reliable antifungal drug susceptibility testing assays for Malassezia spp. are not widely available. Therefore, we optimized a broth microdilution assay for the testing of Malassezia that is based on the CLSI and EUCAST assays for Candida and other yeasts. The addition of ingredients such as lipids and esculin provided a broth medium formulation that enabled the growth of all Malassezia spp. and could be read, with the colorimetric indicator resazurin, by visual and fluorescence readings. We tested the susceptibility of 52 strains of 13 Malassezia species to 11 commonly used antifungals. MIC values determined by visual readings were in good agreement with MIC values determined by fluorescence readings. The lowest MICs were found for the azoles itraconazole, posaconazole, and voriconazole, with MIC90 values of 0.03 to 1.0μg/ml, 0.06 to 0.5μg/ml, and 0.03 to 2.0μg/ml, respectively. All Malassezia spp. were resistant to echinocandins and griseofulvin. Some Malassezia spp. also showed high MIC values for ketoconazole, which is the most widely recommended topical antifungal to treat Malassezia skin infections. In summary, our assay enables the fast and reliable susceptibility testing of Malassezia spp. with a large panel of different antifungals.
Department of Dermatology, University and University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.