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Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography for noncardiac surgery

John D Mitchell, MD
Feroze Mahmood, MD
Albert T Cheung, MD
Section Editor
Jonathan B Mark, MD
Deputy Editors
Nancy A Nussmeier, MD, FAHA
Susan B Yeon, MD, JD, FACC


As intraoperative use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has evolved in cardiac surgery, anesthesiologists have found clinical applications for this technology in other perioperative settings [1,2]. This topic discusses the components of a focused TEE examination when intraoperative use is planned for procedure-specific indications. The unplanned use of TEE during life-threatening emergencies in the intraoperative setting is discussed separately. (See "Intraoperative rescue transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)".)

Further details regarding the indications and complications of TEE use, as well as standard views, methods to optimize the quality of these views, and quantitative measurements to diagnose cardiac pathology, are available in other topics [2,3]:

(See "Transesophageal echocardiography: Indications, complications, and normal views".)

(See "Echocardiography essentials: Physics and instrumentation".)

(See "Hemodynamics derived from transesophageal echocardiography".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Jun 19, 2017.
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