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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 27

of 'Intraaortic balloon pump counterpulsation'

Frequency of long-term lower limb ischemia associated with intraaortic balloon pump use.
Funk M, Ford CF, Foell DW, Bonini S, Sexton DL, Ostfeld AM, Cabin HS
Am J Cardiol. 1992;70(13):1195.
Lower limb ischemia is a frequent complication of intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) use. The incidence and risk factors for acute ischemia have been well-defined, but little is known about long-term ischemic complications. This prospective study evaluated the incidence, nature, progression and predisposing factors for long-term lower limb ischemia in 151 patients who were previously treated with the IABP. These persons were interviewed and their lower extremities examined 12 to 20 months after undergoing IABP counterpulsation. Limb ischemia, characterized primarily by ipsilateral discomfort and diminished pulses, occurred in 18% of those evaluated. Evidence of ischemia worsened over time in 14%. Logistic regression analysis, which was based on variables found to be significant in bivariate analysis, revealed that the occurrence of limb ischemia acutely, cardiogenic shock as an indication for IABP insertion, and smoking (at the time of hospitalization or having quit<10 years previously) were risk factors for long-term lower limb ischemia. The adjusted odds ratio for acute limb ischemia was 8.89 (95% confidence interval 2.80 to 28.21), for cardiogenic shock 3.59 (95% confidence interval 1.01 to 12.75), and for smoking 2.87 (95% confidence interval 1.10 to 7.46). Increasing numbers of patients are undergoing IABP counterpulsation and a greater proportion of these are survivingtheir acute event and resuming active lives. It is essential to recognize that detrimental consequences of this device can persist long after hospitalization.
Medical-Surgical Nursing Program, Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut 06536-0740.