UpToDate
Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Worldwide recommendations on alcohol consumption
Country Authority Standard unit Men Women
Advice Max, g/day Max, g/week Advice Max, g/day Max, g/week
Australia
  National Health and Medical Research Council 10 g For a healthy man, four standard drinks per day with two alcohol-free days per week is regarded as low risk 40   For a healthy woman, two standard drinks per day with two alcohol-free days per week is regarded as low risk 20  
Austria
  Bundesministerium für Gesundheit und Konsumentenschutz See right   Standard drinks per week
Definition Men Women
Low risk Up to 21 Up to 14
Moderate risk 21 to 50 15 to 35
High risk Over 50 Over 35
Trinkeinheiten - standard drinks - are defined as 125 mL of wine, 300 mL of beer, or 20 mL of spirits. This equates to approximately 12 g of beer or wine, or 6 g of spirits.
Canada
  Committee of Health and Welfare 13.5 g* No more than seven drinks per week   94.5* No more than seven drinks per week   94.5*
Addiction Research Foundation (endorsed by Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Canadian Medical Association and others) 13.6 g   Amount of alcohol per week
Definition Standard drinks per week As g of pure alcohol
Low risk 1 to 14 182
Moderate risk 15 to 34 195 to 442
High risk 35+ 455
"As a general guideline, persons should not drink more than two standard drinks in any day." A standard drink is defined as 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of spirits.
Czech Republic
  National Institute of Public Health None 0 to 24 g of alcohol per day is "comparatively safe" 24   0 to 16 g of alcohol per day is "comparatively safe" 16  
The recommendations are for adults over 18 without any disease which "could deteriorate because of alcohol (eg, epilepsy)," not engaged in risky behaviors, and not taking medicines interacting with alcohol.
Denmark
  Sundhedsstyrelsen 12 g No more than 21 drinks per week 252 No more than 14 drinks per week   168
Advises: "Skip the drinks on every day/Save them for weekends or special days!"
Finland
  Oy Alko AB 11 g No more than 15 drinks per week 161 No more than 10 drinks per week   110
France
  Academy of Medicine 12 g Maximum of five drinks per day 60   Maximum of three drinks per day 36  
Germany
  No official guidelines              
Hungary
    17 g            
Iceland
    9.5 g            
Ireland
  An Roinn Slainte (Department of Health) 8 g Three units per day 24   Two units per day 16  
Advises: "Less Is Better" (1996).
Israel
  Ministry of Health None "No advice in relation to sensible levels of drinking."
Italy
  Ministero della Sanità/Società Italiana di Nutrizione Umana 10 g 40 g per day, but 30 g for older adult men, which must not exceed 10% of the caloric intake 40   30 g per day, but 25 g for older adult women, which must not exceed 10% of the caloric intake 30  
The Ministero della Sanità publishes guidance tables as part of LARN (National Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intake Levels).
The tables give alcohol consumption limits for a range of body weights in men and women and for wine at 10%, 11%, and 12% ABV, and for spirits (superalcoholico) plus 11% ABV wine.
Japan
  Ministry of Health and Welfare 19.75 g Two drinks (go's) of sake per day at the most 39.5        
Netherlands
  Ministrie van Welzijn, Volksgezondheid en Cultuur 9.9 g The Dutch government adheres to the advice of the World Health Organisation that "less is better" and suggests "two or three units a few times a week."]
New Zealand
  Alcohol Advisory Council of New Zealand (ALAC) 10 g No more than 21 standard drinks per week and no more than six on any one occasion   210 No more than 14 standard drinks per week and no more than four on any one occasion   140
Portugal
  Conselho Nacional de Alimentacao e Nutricao (CNAN) 14 g* Wine only. Estimates based on 150 mL serving. (Source: ARISE.) 37.3 261.1   18.6 130.6
Romania
  Health Ministry   Up to 32.5 g as beer or 20.7 g as wine per day 20.7 to 32.5   Up to 17.3 g as beer or 10.8 g as wine per day 10.8 to 17.3  
Spain
  INESIBA 10 g* 40-44 g per day 40-44   40-44 g per day 40-44  
Ministry of Health & Consumption 10 g* 30 g per day 30   20 g per day 20  
Moderate drinking is considered to be 100-420 g of alcohol per week.
Basque Country
  Department of Health & Social Security   Maximum of 1 g per kg of body weight per day 70   Maximum of 0.5 g per kg of body weight per day 28Δ  
Catalonia
  Central Authority 8 to 10 g Advises not exceeding 40 to 50 g per day.
Sweden
  Systembolaget     Amount of alcohol per week
Men Women
Definition As 40% spirits As mL pure alcohol As g of pure alcohol As 40% spirits As mL pure alcohol As g of pure alcohol
Not dangerous Up to 15 cL 60 47 Up to 12 cL§ 48 38
Low risk Up to 40 cL 160 126 Up to 30 cL 120 95
Intermediate risk Up to 75 cL 300 237 Up to 55 cL 220 174
High risk Up to 125 cL 500 395 Up to 95 cL 380 300
Very high risk Over 125 cL Over 500 Over 395 Over 95 cL Over 380 Over 300

NOTES:

◊ Or five bottles of beer, or two-thirds of a bottle of wine.

§ Or four bottles of beer or half a bottle of wine.
United Kingdom
  Department of Health 8 g "Maximum health advantage" for men over 40 lies between one and two units a day 8 to 16 g Advice on weekly consumption is avoided "Maximum health advantage" for postmenopausal women lies between one and two units a day 8 to 16 g Advice on weekly consumption is avoided
Regular consumption of between three and four units a day for men of all ages "will not accrue significant health risk" 24 to 32 g Regular consumption of between two and three units a day by women of all ages "will not accrue any significant health risk" 16 to 24 g
Consistently drinking four or more units a day is "not advised as a sensible drinking level" 32 g+ Consistently drinking three or more units a day is "not advised as a sensible drinking level" 24 g+
United States
  Department of Agriculture/Department of Health and Human Services 14 g¥ No more than two drinks per day 28 g   No more than one drink per day 14 g  
A standard drink is defined as 12 ounces of regular beer (one bottle); a 5-ounce glass of wine; or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits.
Advises: "If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation, with meals, and when consumption does not put you or others at risk."
* Approximate/unofficial figure.
¶ For a 70 Kg man.
Δ For a 56 Kg woman.
¥ Wine Institute suggests 12 g for wine.
Graphic 59031 Version 3.0