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Cancers associated with smoking tobacco
Causation proven
Colorectal
Head and neck cancers, including esophagus
Kidney
Liver
Lower urinary tract, including renal pelvis, ureter, and bladder
Lung
Mesothelioma
Myeloid leukemia
Nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses
Pancreas
Penis
Stomach
Uterine cervix
Evidence equivocal
Breast
Skin (including squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma)
Adapted from: Vineis P, et al. Tobacco and cancer: recent epidemiological evidence. J Natl Cancer Inst 2004; 96:99.
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