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Hypothermia in children: Management

Howard M Corneli, MD
Section Editor
Daniel F Danzl, MD
Deputy Editor
James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH


This article discusses the treatment of unintentional hypothermia in children. The clinical manifestation of hypothermia in children, neonatal hypothermia, and frostbite are discussed separately. (See "Hypothermia in children: Clinical manifestations and diagnosis" and "Short-term complications of the preterm infant", section on 'Hypothermia' and "Frostbite".)


Hypothermia is defined as a core body temperature below 35°C (95°F). The stage of hypothermia, defined by core temperature, has a major impact on both recognition and treatment. The most commonly used definitions found in the literature are as follows [1-4]:

Mild – Core temperature 32 to 35°C (90 to 95°F)

Moderate – Core temperature 28 to 32°C (82 to 90°F)

Severe – Core temperature below 28°C (82°F)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Dec 12, 2016.
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