Medline ® Abstract for Reference 6
of 'Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis'
A Met-to-Val mutation in the skeletal muscle Na+ channel alpha-subunit in hyperkalaemic periodic paralysis.
Rojas CV, Wang JZ, Schwartz LS, Hoffman EP, Powell BR, Brown RH Jr
HYPERKALAEMIC periodic paralysis (HYPP) is an autosomal dominant disease that results in episodic electrical inexcitability and paralysis of skeletal muscle. Electrophysiological data indicate that tetrodotoxin-sensitive sodium channels from muscle cells of HYPP-affected individuals show abnormal inactivation. Genetic analysis of nine HYPP families has shown tight linkage between the adult skeletal muscle sodium channel alpha-subunit gene on chromosome 17q and the disease (lod score, z = 24; recombination frequency 0 = 0), strongly suggesting that mutations of the alpha-subunit gene cause HYPP. We sequenced the alpha-subunit coding region isolated from muscle biopsies from affected (familial HYPP) and control individuals by cross-species polymerase chain reaction-mediated complementary DNA cloning. We have identified an A----G substitution in the patient's messenger RNA that causes a Met----Val change in a highly conserved region of the alpha-subunit, predicted to be in a transmembrane domain. This same change was found in a sporadic case of HYPP as a new mutation. We have therefore discovered a voltage-gated channel mutation responsible for a human genetic disease.
Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 15261.