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©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.
Grade 1A recommendation
A Grade 1A recommendation is a strong recommendation, and applies to most patients in most circumstances without reservation. Clinicians should follow a strong recommendation unless a clear and compelling rationale for an alternative approach is present.
A Grade 1 recommendation is a strong recommendation. It means that we believe that if you follow the recommendation, you will be doing more good than harm for most, if not all of your patients.
Grade A means that the best estimates of the critical benefits and risks come from consistent data from well-performed, randomized, controlled trials or overwhelming data of some other form (eg, well-executed observational studies with very large treatment effects). Further research is unlikely to have an impact on our confidence in the estimates of benefit and risk.
Recommendation grades
1. Strong recommendation: Benefits clearly outweigh the risks and burdens (or vice versa) for most, if not all, patients
2. Weak recommendation: Benefits and risks closely balanced and/or uncertain

Evidence grades
A. High-quality evidence: Consistent evidence from randomized trials, or overwhelming evidence of some other form
B. Moderate-quality evidence: Evidence from randomized trials with important limitations, or very strong evidence of some other form
C. Low-quality evidence: Evidence from observational studies, unsystematic clinical observations, or from randomized trials with serious flaws

For a complete description of our grading system, please see the UpToDate editorial policy.