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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 37

of 'Future diagnostic tools for food allergy'

Human basophil activation measured by CD63 expression and LTC4 release in IgE-mediated food allergy.
Moneret-Vautrin DA, Sainte-Laudy J, Kanny G, Frémont S
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1999;82(1):33.
BACKGROUND: IgE-dependent basophil activation induced by an allergen elicit the release of LTC4 and the expression of the CD63 membrane marker.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to check if flow cytometric analysis of basophil activation could be applied to food allergy diagnosis and if this method paralleled LTC4 release.
METHODS: Patients were selected by the clinical history, skin tests, and provocation tests. Basophil activation induced by food extracts was studied in 24 control subjects and in 27 patients having a food allergy by LTC4 release test (LRT) and by flow cytometric anti-IgE+, CD63 + cell counting (BAT = basophil activation test). In case of negative anti-IgE response a passive blood donor basophil passive sensitization step was added to LRT and BAT. Leucocyte histamine release test was performed in 11 patients.
RESULTS: Basophil activation test was positive in 18/31 cases and LRT in 22/34 cases for food-allergic patients and, respectively, in 1/33 and 1/35 cases for the controls. A correlation was observed between specific IgE, BAT, and LRT. Basophil activation test and LRT performed after passive sensitization had an excellent sensitivity only for specific IgE levels ranging between 3.5 and 35 KU/L.
CONCLUSION: The present study shows that allergen-induced LTC4 release and anti-IgE, antiCD63 bicolor flow cytometric analysis of basophil activation may be used for food allergy diagnosis. Both tests have a good sensitivity and specificity. Basophil activation test and LRT are more efficient than histamine release test in case of high spontaneous histamine release, frequently observed in case of food allergy.
Internal Medicine Department, Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Hôpital Central, Nancy, France.