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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 29

of 'Future diagnostic tools for food allergy'

29
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Specific IgE determination to epitope peptides of omega-5 gliadin and high molecular weight glutenin subunit is a useful tool for diagnosis of wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis.
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Matsuo H, Kohno K, Niihara H, Morita E
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J Immunol. 2005;175(12):8116.
 
Wheat omega-5 gliadin and a high m.w. glutenin subunit (HMW-glutenin) have been reported as major allergens in wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis. A simultaneous detection of specific IgE to epitope sequences of both proteins is considered to be a reliable method for diagnosis of wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis. However, the IgE-binding epitope of HMW-glutenin remains unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the IgE-binding epitopes of HMW-glutenin to establish a useful system of identifying patients with wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis. For determination of IgE-binding epitopes of HMW-glutenin overlapping peptides were synthesized and reactivities of IgE Abs in the sera of patients to those peptides were analyzed. Three IgE-binding epitopes, QQPGQ, QQPGQGQQ, and QQSGQGQ, were identified within primary sequence of HMW-glutenin. Epitope peptides, which include IgE-binding sequences of omega-5 gliadin and a HMW-glutenin, were synthesized and peptide-specific IgE Abs were measured by CAP-System fluorescent enzyme immunoassay. Twenty-nine of 30 patients with wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis had specific IgE Abs to these epitope peptides. None of the 25 sera from healthy subjects reacted to both epitope peptides. Twenty-five patients with atopic dermatitiswho had specific IgE to wheat and/or gluten had very low or nonexistent levels of epitope peptide-specific IgE Abs. These results indicated that measurement of IgE levels specific to epitope peptides of omega-5 gliadin and HMW-glutenin is useful as an in vitro diagnostic method for the assessment of patients with wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis.
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Department of Dermatology, Shimane University School of Medicine, Izumo, Japan. hmatsuo@med.shimane-u.ac.jp
PMID