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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 26

of 'Febrile infant (younger than 90 days of age): Management'

26
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Association between Clinical Outcomes and Hospital Guidelines for Cerebrospinal Fluid Testing in Febrile Infants Aged 29-56 Days.
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Chua KP, Neuman MI, McWilliams JM, Aronson PL, Febrile Young Infant Research Collaborative
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J Pediatr. 2015 Dec;167(6):1340-6.e9. Epub 2015 Oct 21.
 
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association between clinical outcomes and clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) recommending universal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing in the emergency department for febrile infants aged 29-56 days.
STUDY DESIGN: Using 2007-2013 administrative data from 32 US children's hospitals, we performed a difference-in-differences analysis comparing 7 hospitals with CPGs recommending universal CSF testing for older febrile infants aged 29-56 days (CPG group) with 25 hospitals without such CPGs (control group). We compared differences in clinical outcomes between older febrile infants with the corresponding differences among younger febrile infants aged 7-28 days. The primary outcome was the occurrence of an adverse event, defined as a delayed diagnosis of bacterial meningitis, mechanical ventilation, placement of a central venous catheter, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, or in-hospital mortality. Analyses were adjusted for race/ethnicity, sex, median annual household income by zip code, primary insurance source, discharge season, and discharge year.
RESULTS: The proportion of older febrile infants undergoing CSF testing was higher (P<.001) in the CPG group (64.8%) than the control group (47.8%). CPGs recommending universal CSF testing for older febrile infants were not associated with significant differences in adverse events (difference-in-differences: +0.31 percentage points, 95% CI -0.18 to 0.85; P = .22).
CONCLUSIONS: Hospital CPGs recommending universal CSF testing for febrile infants aged 29-56 days were not associated with significant differences in clinical outcomes.
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Division of Emergency Medicine at Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. Electronic address: kaopingchua@uchicago.edu.
PMID