Evaluation of inguinal swelling in children
- David J Mathison, MD, MBA
David J Mathison, MD, MBA
- Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics & Emergency Medicine
- George Washington University School of Health Sciences
- Pediatric Emergency Physician
- Regional Medical Director for PM Pediatrics
- Section Editor
- George A Woodward, MD
George A Woodward, MD
- Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
- Professor of Pediatrics
- University of Washington School of Medicine
- Deputy Editor
- James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH
James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH
- Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
- Deputy Editor — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
- Deputy Editor — Primary Care Sports Medicine (Adolescents and Adults)
- Clinical Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine/Traumatology
- University of Connecticut School of Medicine
This discussion will be limited to an approach to swelling of the inguinal area.
Evaluation and treatment of hernias, lymphadenopathy, cryptorchidism, and isolated scrotal swelling in children are discussed separately:
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- INGUINAL ANATOMY
- CAUSES OF INGUINAL SWELLING
- Inguinal hernia
- Femoral hernia
- Spermatic cord hydrocele
- Inguinal lymphadenopathy
- Inguinal lymphadenitis
- Granuloma inguinale
- Testes: Retractile, ectopic, or undescended
- Testicular dislocation
- Physical examination
- Ancillary studies