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Evaluation of couples with recurrent pregnancy loss

Togas Tulandi, MD, MHCM
Haya M Al-Fozan, MD
Section Editor
Charles J Lockwood, MD, MHCM
Deputy Editor
Kristen Eckler, MD, FACOG


Couples with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) require empathy and understanding as early pregnancy loss is an emotionally traumatic experience, similar to that associated with stillbirth or neonatal death. In addition, evaluation can be frustrating and difficult because the etiology of their RPL may not be determined and there are few evidence-based diagnostic and treatment strategies [1,2]. This topic reviews the evaluation of recurrent pregnancy loss.  

Information on related topics may be found elsewhere:

(See "Definition and etiology of recurrent pregnancy loss".)

(See "Management of couples with recurrent pregnancy loss".)

(See "Spontaneous abortion: Risk factors, etiology, clinical manifestations, and diagnostic evaluation".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 22, 2017.
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