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Evaluation and management of pain in children

Julie Hauer, MD
Barbara L Jones, PhD, MSW
Section Editor
David G Poplack, MD
Deputy Editor
Carrie Armsby, MD, MPH


Assessment and management of pain are essential components of pediatric care. In children, especially young children, it can be challenging to identify the presence and severity of pain, and then to treat the pain. The use of assessment tools based upon cognitive ability is important to ensure that children of all ages receive adequate pain control.

Assessment of pain and an overview of pain management in children will be reviewed here. Pain management for specific pediatric clinical settings and conditions are discussed separately:

Neonatal pain (see "Assessment of neonatal pain" and "Prevention and treatment of neonatal pain")

Procedural pain management and sedation (see "Procedural sedation in children outside of the operating room" and "Selection of medications for pediatric procedural sedation outside of the operating room", section on 'Sedation for painful procedures' and "Pharmacologic agents for pediatric procedural sedation outside of the operating room", section on 'Analgesic agents')

The use of topical anesthetics in children (see "Topical anesthetics in children")

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: May 03, 2017.
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