UpToDate
Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Ethical considerations in effective pain management at the end of life

Authors

Vicki Jackson, MD, MPH

Associate Professor of Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Lida Nabati, MD

Instructor of Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Section Editors

Janet Abrahm, MD

Section Editor — Pain: Assessment and Management

Professor of Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Kenneth E Schmader, MD

Editor in Chief — Geriatric Medicine

Section Editor — Geriatrics

Chief, Division of Geriatrics

Duke University

Director, Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center

Durham VA Medical Centers

Deputy Editor

Diane MF Savarese, MD

Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate

Deputy Editor — Oncology and Palliative Care

Clinical Instructor of Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Peer Reviewer

Reviewers are not identified on topic reviews to preserve anonymity