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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 34

of 'ERCP in children: Technique, success and complications'

Factors associated with post-ERCP pancreatitis and the effect of pancreatic duct stenting in a pediatric population.
Troendle DM, Abraham O, Huang R, Barth BA
Gastrointest Endosc. 2015;81(6):1408-16. Epub 2015 2 14.
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for the development of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) have not been identified in the pediatric population. It remains unclear what constitutes appropriate prophylaxis in this patient population.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and severity of PEP in the pediatric population and identify factors associated with developing PEP and to evaluate the effect of prophylactic pancreatic duct stenting in high-risk patients.
DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of an ERCP database at a single large pediatric center.
SETTING: Academic center.
PATIENTS: A total of 432 ERCPs performed on 313 patients younger than 19 years of age from January 2004 to October 2013.
INTERVENTION: ERCP for any indication.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Rates and severity of PEP, preprocedural and procedural risk factors for the development of PEP, and the effect of pancreatic stents on preventing PEP in high-risk patients.
RESULTS: PEP occurred after 47 procedures (prevalence, 10.9%). Thirty-four cases were mild, 9 were moderate, and 4 were severe. There was no mortality. On multiple logistic analysis, pancreatic duct injection (P<.0001; odds ratio 30.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 9.1-103.9) and pancreatic sphincterotomy (P<.01; OR 3.8; 95% CI, 1.6-9.8) were positively associated with PEP. A history of chronic pancreatitis was negatively associated with PEP (P<.05; OR 0.37; 95% CI, 0.15-0.93). On subset analysis, placing a prophylactic pancreatic stent was associated with significantly increased rates of PEP in patients with pancreatic duct injection compared with those who had no attempt at stent placement (P<.01). Two patients with severe pancreatitis had prophylactic pancreatic stents in place.
LIMITATIONS: Retrospective investigation.
CONCLUSIONS: In the pediatric population, pancreatic duct injection and pancreatic sphincterotomy are associated with significantly increased rates of PEP, whereas a history of chronic pancreatitis is negatively associated. Prophylactic pancreatic stenting is associated with higher rates of PEP in high-risk patients and does not eliminate severe PEP.
UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.