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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 31

of 'ERCP in children: Technique, success and complications'

Is endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography valuable and safe in children of all ages?
Vegting IL, Tabbers MM, Taminiau JA, Aronson DC, Benninga MA, Rauws EA
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009;48(1):66.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate indications, findings, therapies, safety, and technical success of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in children of the Emma Children's Hospital Academic Medical Centre in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
DESIGN: Descriptive. Retrospective analysis by medical records.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Information was obtained by chart review of patients between 0 and 18 years who underwent ERCP from 1995 to 2005 in our center. The following data were analyzed: indications, findings, therapies, safety, and technical success. Success was defined as obtaining accurate diagnostic information or succeeding in endoscopic therapy.
RESULTS: Sixty-one children (age 3 days to 16.9 years, mean age 7.0 years) underwent a total of 99 ERCPs. Of those patients, 51% (31/61) were younger than 1 year, 84% had biliary indications, and 16% had pancreatic indications for the performance of ERCP. The complication rate was 4% (4/99) and included substantialpancreatitis and mild irritated pancreas. No complications occurred in children younger than 1 year.
CONCLUSIONS: ERCP is a safe and valuable procedure for children of all ages with suspicion of pancreaticobiliary diseases. Indications for ERCP are different for children and adults. A laparotomy could be prevented in 12% of children with suspicion of biliary atresia. Further research is required to determine the role of MRCP versus ERCP.
Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam: Emma Children's Hospital/AMC, The Netherlands.