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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 11

of 'ERCP in children: Technique, success and complications'

The role of ERCP in the diagnosis and treatment of idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis in children and adolescents.
Guelrud M, Mujica C, Jaen D, Plaz J, Arias J
Gastrointest Endosc. 1994;40(4):428.
ERCP was performed in 51 patients, aged 1 to 18 years, as part of diagnostic evaluation for recurrent pancreatitis without obvious cause or as therapeutic intervention. ERCP was successful in 50 patients (98%). Thirty-four patients (68%) had anatomic findings indicating a possible cause of recurrent pancreatitis. Three patients (6%) had findings suggestive of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Eighteen of the 37 patients (49%) with ductal abnormalities underwent endoscopic therapy, with a favorable outcome in 15 (83%). Eleven patients were treated surgically, and 8 of these patients (73%) improved symptomatically. Eight patients received no treatment, and 6 of them (67%) had recurrent bouts of clinical pancreatitis. One mild case of pancreatitis (1.9%) occurred after ERCP, and 3 mild cases followed endoscopic therapy. In conclusion, ERCP is a relatively safe technique that produces opacification of the desired ductal system with a high degree of accuracy and provides useful information in the evaluation of children with idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis. These data suggest that endoscopic pancreatic therapy may result in symptomatic improvement, eliminating the need for surgery in selected children. Furthermore, the study demonstrates that manipulation of the pancreatic duct is comparatively safe and less hazardous than formerly believed.
Department of Medicine, Hospital General del Oeste, Caracas, Venezuela.