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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 68

of 'ERCP for pancreatic disease in children'

The efficacy of early ERCP in pediatric pancreatic trauma.
Rescorla FJ, Plumley DA, Sherman S, Scherer LR 3rd, West KW, Grosfeld JL
J Pediatr Surg. 1995;30(2):336.
Recognition of pancreatic injuries is frequently delayed, and optimal treatment is often controversial. The use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has allowed accurate delineation of pancreatic ductal injuries; however, the small size of children and the concern with inducing pancreatitis and/or lesser sac contamination have limited its use in children. In 1988, the authors began using ERCP for selected pancreatic injuries. This report describes their experience with this technique and examines the role of ERCP in pediatric pancreatic injuries. Six children with pancreatic transections resulting from blunt trauma were treated between 1988 and 1993. The age range was 2 1/2 to 8 years, and the weight range was 13.6 to 27.9 kg. The average period from injury to referral to the hospital was 14 days (range, 2 to 30 days). All six children presented with chemical evidence of pancreatitis and had an initial computed tomography (CT) scan; five scans were interpreted as being normal. Five of the six patients had subsequent CT scans, which showed lesser-sac fluid collection. Three patients were treated with drainage (2 percutaneous, 1 open [outside hospital]), and when this failed, ERCP was performed, at 13.6 days (average) after presentation. These three patients underwent ERCP relatively early in the course (an average of 3 days after presentation). All six children had major ductal transections documented through ERCP. After ERCP, the serum amylase level remained elevated in three, increased in one, and normal in one. (It was not measured in one of the recent cases taken for immediate operation.)(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA.