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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 26

of 'ERCP for pancreatic disease in children'

Choledochocele--a rare cause of necrotising pancreatitis in childhood.
Weisser M, Bennek J, Hörmann D
Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2000;10(4):258.
Recurring complaints of unknown origin in the upper abdomen during childhood are not frequent. Choledochoceles, or type III choledochal cysts, are rare congenital abnormalities of unclear aetiology. They are rarely considered in the differential diagnosis of upper abdominal symptoms in childhood. Only 130 cases of choledochoceles have been reported in world literature to date. Only 20% of these patients were children or adolescents. The symptoms do not specifically suggest a choledochocele, and are usually attributed to other disorders of the upper intestinal tract, frequently resulting in a delayed diagnosis. We present the case of a 10-year old girl in whom a congenital choledochocele was diagnosed by gastro-intestinal studies and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) following a 2-years history of recurrent pancreatitis. Various types of choledochoceles are presented in the literature, classified according to morphology and histology. Most authors consider them to be a form of choledochal cyst. Their embryonic development is related to that of congenital duodenal diverticula. Although congenital intraluminal duodenal dilatations are of known oncogenic significance, only two cases of adenocarcinoma arising from a choledochocele have been described to date. Established treatment of large choledochoceles in childhood is transduodenal marsupialization.
Clinic for Paediatric Surgery of the University of Leipzig, Germany.