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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 58

of 'Epidemiology, pathogenesis, and microbiology of intravascular catheter infections'

Microbiology of indwelling central intravascular catheters.
Haslett TM, Isenberg HD, Hilton E, Tucci V, Kay BG, Vellozzi EM
J Clin Microbiol. 1988;26(4):696.
Indwelling central-line catheters (n = 502) from 362 patients in intensive care units were analyzed prospectively. The skin site, 6-cm-distal and -proximal subcutaneous segments of the catheter, exudates, and blood were cultured. Semiqualitative roll plate cultures of the catheter segments were followed by broth cultures and examined for 72 h. All isolates were identified, and susceptibilities were determined. Line infections, defined clinically, yielded 22 different microbial species; 10 different species were recovered from colonized lines. Of the Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates recovered, 39% occurred singly and 21% occurred in combination with other microorganisms; Enterococcus faecalis, S. hominis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were next in frequency of isolation. Line infections also yielded other staphylococci, viridans group streptococci, several members of the family Enterobacteriaceae, acinetobacters, anaerobic bacteria, Candida spp., and Aspergillus fumigatus. While S. epidermidis was also the most frequent isolate among the line colonizers, different species and different frequencies of isolation were found among this group. The study showed that the distal catheter segment broth culture was the best predictor of clinical line infections; in addition, gram-negative bacteria were isolated only from the catheters of patients with overt infections.
Department of Pharmacy, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York 11042.