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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 51

of 'Epidemiology, pathogenesis, and microbiology of intravascular catheter infections'

Pseudomonas bloodstream infections associated with a heparin/saline flush--Missouri, New York, Texas, and Michigan, 2004-2005.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2005;54(11):269.
On January 26, 2005, CDC was notified of four cases of Pseudomonas fluorescens bloodstream infection among patients at an oncology clinic in Missouri. All patients had received a heparin/saline flush to prevent clotting of indwelling, central venous catheters. The flushes were preloaded in syringes by IV Flush and distributed by Pinnacle Medical Supply (Rowlett, Texas). On January 31, a nationwide alert against use of all heparin or saline flushes preloaded in syringes by IV Flush was issued by the Food and Drug Administration; the company recalled these products. As of February 15, state and local health departments and CDC had identified a total of 36 Pseudomonas species infections in patients in four states who were administered the heparin/saline flushes from multiple lots. This report describes the ongoing investigation and provides recommendations for investigation and management of potential cases.