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Epidemiology of pediatric HIV infection

Susan L Gillespie, MD, PhD
Section Editor
Mary E Paul, MD
Deputy Editor
Carrie Armsby, MD, MPH


Considerable progress has been made towards eliminating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among children; however, the global burden of pediatric HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) remains a challenge for health care workers around the world, particularly in developing countries.

The epidemiology of HIV infection in children will be discussed here. The case definition, clinical manifestations, and outcomes of pediatric HIV; prophylactic treatment of infants born to HIV-infected mothers; diagnostic testing for HIV in young children; the approach to febrile HIV-infected infants and children; and issues related to HIV infection in adolescents are discussed separately:

(See "Pediatric HIV infection: Classification, clinical manifestations, and outcome".)

(See "Antiretroviral and intrapartum management of pregnant HIV-infected women and their infants in resource-rich settings", section on 'Infant prophylaxis'.)

(See "Diagnostic testing for HIV infection in infants and children younger than 18 months".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 16, 2017.
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