Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 51

of 'Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: Indications, patient preparation, and complications'

Endoscopic biliopancreatic investigations and therapy.
Costamagna G, Familiari P, Marchese M, Tringali A
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2008;22(5):865.
The management of most biliopancreatic diseases benefits from endoscopic treatment. Forty years after the first endoscopic cannulation of the ampulla of Vater, the overall effectiveness and safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can be evaluated using the quality assurance programs that have recently been developed for gastrointestinal endoscopy, including ERCP. Such evaluation does not mean simply reporting therapeutic success and complication rates; rather, it involves a complex analysis of the entire gastrointestinal unit, of the medical practises, and of patient satisfaction. The overall quality of ERCP has been analysed and many quality deficits identified, even in referral centres. Training for such a specialised procedure is difficult and expensive. Competence in ERCP requires as many as 200 ERCP procedures. Quality assurance programs can help to improve the overall quality of endoscopic practise, including training of young endoscopists.
Digestive Endoscopy Unit, UniversitàCattolica del Sacro Cuore, A. Gemelli University Hospital, 8 Largo Gemelli, Rome, RM 00168, Italy. gcostamagna@rm.unicatt.it