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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 48

of 'Endoscopic management of bile duct stones: Standard techniques and mechanical lithotripsy'

Mechanical lithotripsy of common duct stones.
Siegel JH, Ben-Zvi JS, Pullano WE
Gastrointest Endosc. 1990;36(4):351.
Over the past 8 years we have utilized various types of mechanical lithotriptors to crush common bile duct stones. The procedure was performed in 93 patients with an overall success rate of 94%. However, because many accessories were in a developmental stage, entrapment of stones was not always possible on the first attempt, and the procedure was repeated in some patients a second or third time. During the interim, while awaiting another attempt at lithotripsy, cholangitis was prevented by leaving a prosthesis in place. A variety of lithotriptor models from different manufacturers have proven effective. We recommend that endoscopists use these devices to rid the bile duct of retained stones.
Section of Medicine and Gastroenterology, St. Clare's Hospital and Health Center, New York, New York.