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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 12

of 'Endoscopic balloon dilatation for removal of bile duct stones'

Biliary sphincterotomy plus dilation with a large balloon for bile duct stones that are difficult to extract.
Ersoz G, Tekesin O, Ozutemiz AO, Gunsar F
Gastrointest Endosc. 2003;57(2):156.
BACKGROUND: Bile duct stones are still present in 10% to 15% of patients after the application of conventional endoscopic extraction techniques and require additional procedures for duct clearance. In the vast majority of these cases, there are 2 main problems: large stone size (>15 mm) and tapering of distal bile duct.
METHODS: Fifty-eight patients in whom endoscopic sphincterotomy and standard basket/balloon extraction were unsuccessful in the removal of bile duct stones underwent dilation with a 10- to 20-mm diameter (esophageal/pyloric type) balloon at the same session. In 18 patients with tapered distal bile ducts (Group 1), 12- to 18-mm diameter balloon catheters were used to enlarge the orifice. In 40 patients with square, barrel shaped and/or large (>15mm) stones (Group 2), the sphincterotomy orifice was enlarged with 15- to 20-mm diameter balloon catheters. After dilatation, standard basket/balloon extraction techniques were used to remove the stone(s).
RESULTS: Stone clearance was successful in 16 patients (89%) in Group 1 and 35 (95%) in Group 2. Complications occurred in 9 (15.5%) patients.
CONCLUSION: Dilation with a large-diameter balloon after endoscopic sphincterotomy is a useful alternative technique in patients with bile duct stones that are difficult to remove with standard methods.
Ege University School of Medicine, Department of Gastroenterology, Izmir, Turkey.