Medline ® Abstract for Reference 36
of 'Endometriosis: Treatment of rectovaginal and bowel disease'
Laparoscopic uterosacral ligament resection for dysmenorrhea associated with endometriosis: results of a randomized, controlled trial.
Vercellini P, Aimi G, Busacca M, Apolone G, Uglietti A, Crosignani PG
Fertil Steril. 2003;80(2):310.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic resection of the uterosacral ligaments in women with endometriosis and predominantly midline dysmenorrhea.
DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial.
SETTING: Two academic departments. One hundred eighty patients undergoing operative laparoscopy as first-line therapy for stage I to IV symptomatic endometriosis.
INTERVENTION(S): Operative laparoscopy including uterosacral ligament resection or conservative surgery alone.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Proportion of women with recurrence of moderate or severe dysmenorrhea 1 year after surgery.
RESULT(S): No complications occurred. Amongthe patients who were evaluable 1 year after operative laparoscopy, 23 of 78 (29%) women who had uterosacral ligament resection and 21 of 78 (27%) women who had conservative surgery only reported recurrent dysmenorrhea. The corresponding numbers of patients at 3 years were 21 of 59 (36%) women and 18 of 57 (32%) women, respectively. Time to recurrence was similar in the two groups. Pain was substantially reduced, and patients in both groups experienced similar and significant improvements in health-related quality of life, psychiatric profile, and sexual satisfaction. Overall, 68 of 90 (75%) patients in the uterosacral ligament resection group and 67 of 90 (74%) patients in the conservative surgery group were satisfied at 1 year.
CONCLUSION(S): Addition of uterosacral ligament resection to conservative laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis did not reduce the medium- or long-term frequency and severity of recurrence of dysmenorrhea.
Reproductive Surgery Unit, First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org