Medline ® Abstract for Reference 3
of 'Endometriosis: Treatment of rectovaginal and bowel disease'
Treatment of symptomatic rectovaginal endometriosis with an estrogen-progestogen combination versus low-dose norethindrone acetate.
Vercellini P, Pietropaolo G, De Giorgi O, Pasin R, Chiodini A, Crosignani PG
Fertil Steril. 2005;84(5):1375.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of an estrogen-progestogen combination versus low-dose norethindrone acetate in the treatment of persistent pain after surgery for symptomatic rectovaginal endometriosis.
DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial.
SETTING: Academic center.
PATIENT(S): Ninety women with recurrent moderate or severe pelvic pain after unsuccessful conservative surgery for symptomatic rectovaginal endometriosis.
INTERVENTION(S): Twelve-month, continuous treatment with oral ethinyl E2, 0.01 mg, plus cyproterone acetate, 3 mg/day, or norethindrone acetate, 2.5 mg/day.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Degree of satisfaction with therapy.
RESULT(S): Seven women in the ethinyl E2 plus cyproterone acetate arm and five in the norethindrone acetate arm withdrew because of side effects (n=5), treatment inefficacy (n=6), or loss to follow-up (n=1). At 12 months, dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, nonmenstrual pelvic pain, and dyschezia scores were substantially reduced without major between-group differences. Both regimens induced minor unfavorable variations in the serum lipid profile. According to an intention-to-treat analysis, 28 (62%) out of 45 patients in the ethinyl E2 plus cyproterone acetate group and 33 (73%) out of 45 in the norethindrone acetate group were satisfied with the treatment received.
CONCLUSION(S): Low-dose norethindrone acetate could be considered an effective, tolerable, and inexpensive first-choice medical alternative to repeat surgery for treating symptomatic rectovaginal endometriotic lesions in patients who do not seek conception.
Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica I, University of Milan, Istituto Luigi Mangiagalli, Milan, Italy. email@example.com