Emergency evaluation of acute upper airway obstruction in children
- Laura L Loftis, MD
Laura L Loftis, MD
- Associate Professor of Pediatrics
- Baylor College of Medicine
- Section Editors
- Stephen J Teach, MD, MPH
Stephen J Teach, MD, MPH
- Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
- Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
- George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences
- Adrienne G Randolph, MD, MSc
Adrienne G Randolph, MD, MSc
- Section Editor — Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
- Professor of Anaesthesia and Pediatrics
- Harvard Medical School
- Deputy Editor
- James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH
James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH
- Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
- Deputy Editor — Adult and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
- Deputy Editor — Primary Care Sports Medicine (Adolescents and Adults)
- Clinical Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine/Traumatology
- University of Connecticut School of Medicine
This topic will review an emergency diagnostic and therapeutic approach to acute upper airway obstruction in children. The emergent evaluation of children with acute respiratory distress and airway management techniques for the difficult pediatric airway are discussed separately.
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- - Croup
- - Bacterial tracheitis
- - Retropharyngeal abscess
- - Peritonsillar abscess
- - Infectious mononucleosis
- - Epiglottitis
- Foreign body
- - Blunt or penetrating airway injury
- - Upper airway burns (thermal and chemical)
- Hereditary angioedema
- Decreased oropharyngeal muscle tone
- Airway secretions or bleeding
- Vocal cord dysfunction
- Acute on chronic conditions
- EMERGENCY AIRWAY ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT
- Rapid assessment of the airway and breathing
- Emergency airway management
- - Severe or complete obstruction
- Suspected foreign body
- No foreign body suspected
- - Conditions with progressive upper airway obstruction
- Physical examination
- - Signs of airway obstruction
- - Associated findings
- Ancillary studies
- - Imaging
- - Laboratory studies
- - Direct visualization
- Determining the cause of upper airway obstruction