Ectopic pregnancy: Surgical treatment
- Togas Tulandi, MD, MHCM
Togas Tulandi, MD, MHCM
- Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Milton Leong Chair in Reproductive Medicine
- McGill University, Canada
- Section Editors
- Tommaso Falcone, MD, FRCSC, FACOG
Tommaso Falcone, MD, FRCSC, FACOG
- Section Editor — Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery
- Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
- Courtney A Schreiber, MD, MPH
Courtney A Schreiber, MD, MPH
- Section Editor — Family Planning
- Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Program Director, Fellowship in Family Planning
- Perelman School of Medicine
- University of Pennsylvania
An ectopic pregnancy is an extrauterine pregnancy. The majority of ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tube (84 percent) , but other possible sites include the cervix, interstitial portion of the fallopian tube (also referred to as cornual; this is a pregnancy located in the proximal segment of the fallopian tube that is embedded within the muscular wall of the uterus), hysterotomy/cesarean scar, myometrium, ovary, or abdomen. In addition, in rare cases, a multiple gestation may be heterotopic (include both a uterine and extrauterine pregnancy).
Historically, ectopic pregnancy was managed surgically, but in current practice, treatment with methotrexate is preferred for appropriately selected patients . Some women undergo surgical therapy by choice or by necessity and others are candidates for expectant management.
The surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy will be reviewed here. Related topics regarding ectopic pregnancy are discussed in detail separately:
●Epidemiology, risk factors, and pathology (see "Ectopic pregnancy: Epidemiology, risk factors, and anatomic sites")
●Clinical manifestations and diagnosis (see "Ectopic pregnancy: Clinical manifestations and diagnosis")To continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
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- SURGICAL PLANNING
- Salpingostomy versus salpingectomy
- Laparoscopy versus laparotomy
- PREOPERATIVE EVALUATION AND PREPARATION
- OUTCOME AND FOLLOW-UP
- Surgical complications
- Persistent ectopic pregnancy
- - Monitoring hCG postoperatively
- - Treatment
- Future pregnancy
- - Interval to conception
- INTERSTITIAL PREGNANCY
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS