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Diseases potentially acquired by travel to East Africa

David Murdoch, MD, MSc, DTM&H, FRACP, FRCPA, FFSc(RCPA)
Section Editor
Karin Leder, MBBS, FRACP, PhD, MPH, DTMH
Deputy Editor
Elinor L Baron, MD, DTMH


East Africa is comprised of Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, and Uganda. This region encompasses tropical rain forests in the west and center, desert areas in the north, and wooded steppes in the east.


Malaria — Malaria is a major risk for most travelers to East Africa. Endemic areas exist in all countries in this region except for the islands of Réunion and Seychelles and at altitudes over 2600 meters. Except for Mauritius, Plasmodium falciparum is the predominant cause of malaria, and chloroquine resistance is widespread. Within endemic areas, transmission occurs year round [1]:

Burundi – Risk throughout the year in the whole country

Comoros – Risk throughout the year in the whole country

Djibouti – Risk throughout the year in the whole country

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Dec 15, 2016.
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