Dietary history and recommended dietary intake in children
- Sarah M Phillips, MS, RD, LD
Sarah M Phillips, MS, RD, LD
- Instructor of Pediatric Gastroenterology
- Baylor College of Medicine
- Craig Jensen, MD
Craig Jensen, MD
- Section Editor — Pediatric Gastroenterology
- Associate Professor
- Baylor College of Medicine
The goal of nutritional assessment in childhood is to identify and prevent nutritional disorders such as malnutrition and overweight, as well as the increased morbidity and mortality that accompany them. To meet this goal, pediatric clinicians must know the normal and abnormal patterns of growth and the changes in body composition that occur during childhood and adolescence, and must understand the risk factors for overweight and malnutrition. In addition, they must be able to accurately perform and interpret the results of the nutritional evaluation.
Nutritional assessment is the quantitative evaluation of nutritional status. A comprehensive nutritional assessment has six components:
●Dietary history, with comparison to recommended intakes
●Medical and medication history
●Physical examinationTo continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
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- DIETARY HISTORY
- - Breastfed infants
- - Formula-fed infants
- - Dietary recall
- - Dietary diary
- TERMINOLOGY FOR DIETARY STANDARDS
- Daily Values (DVs)
- Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)
- OVERVIEW OF DIETARY RECOMMENDATIONS
- Energy needs
- Dietary composition
- - Fat, carbohydrates and protein
- - Fiber
- - Vitamins and minerals
- EDUCATIONAL TOOLS
- Choose my plate
- Food labels
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS