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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 99

of 'Dialysis-related amyloidosis'

The effect of dialyzer reprocessing on performance and beta 2-microglobulin removal using polysulfone membranes.
Diaz RJ, Washburn S, Cauble L, Siskind MS, Van Wyck D
Am J Kidney Dis. 1993;21(4):405.
Increased biocompatibility and lower cost are the two major arguments favoring routine dialyzer reprocessing. The impact of longer-term reprocessing is critical to the practical use of polysulfone membranes (PMs), because of the possibility of decreasing efficiency and performance, especially in the removal of beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2M), a protein that has been implicated in the development of dialysis-associated amyloidosis (DDA). In this study, we examine urea clearance (Kd), urea mass transfer coefficient (h0), ultrafiltration coefficient (K(uf)), and percent removal of beta 2M up to 24 uses. The study involved 11 patients on hemodialysis for 5.27 +/- 4.6 years, with a mean age of 62.5 +/- 9.7 years and average run-time treatment of 2.78 +/- 0.3 hours. PMs were tested after being reprocessed manually using bleach and formaldehyde. The efficacy of the dialyzer was examined on uses 1, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 24, and the percent removal of beta 2M was determined except in the twentieth use and corrected for ultrafiltration. The Kd obtained through 24 uses showed no significant change, although h0 was significantly increased in the fifteenth use, and K(uf) was significantly increased in the 10th and 20th use (P<0.05). The percent removal of beta 2M increased significantly from 44.1 +/- 2.8 (mean +/- SEM) in the first use to 59.4 +/- 2.19 (P<0.05) in the 10th use, and 62.1 +/- 4.07 and 63.1 +/- 4.27 in the 15th and 24th uses, respectively (P<0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson 85724.