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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 69

of 'Dialysis-related amyloidosis'

Hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis presenting as lingual nodules.
Guccion JG, Redman RS, Winne CE
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1989 Nov;68(5):618-23.
Hemodialysis has permitted long-term survival of patients with kidney failure, but not without many complications, such as mineral loss from bones, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and increased risk of infection. Recently a new form of amyloidosis, AB2M, has been characterized that is specifically associated with long-term dialysis. The tissues and organs affected by deposits of AB2M appear to differ from those affected by the other major types of amyloidosis; AB2M affects mainly the carpal ligament, synovia of large joints, juxtaarticular bone, and intervetebral disks, while involvement of the oral tissues has been rare. We present here a case in which the biopsy of superficial lingual deposits of AB2M led to the recognition that the patient had developed hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis. It is suggested that periodic inspection of the oral soft tissues for signs or symptoms of amyloidosis should become a part of the dental care of patients undergoing dialysis.
Department of Pathology, George Washington University Medical Center.