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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 56

of 'Dialysis-related amyloidosis'

Carpal tunnel syndrome in patients who are receiving long-term renal hemodialysis.
Gilbert MS, Robinson A, Baez A, Gupta S, Glabman S, Haimov M
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988;70(8):1145.
In forty-six (9 per cent) of 485 patients who were receiving long-term renal hemodialysis, a carpal tunnel syndrome developed in at least one hand. A total of sixty-four surgical procedures were performed for this problem in forty-one patients. All of the forty-one patients reported symptomatic relief, although three had recurrent symptoms. There was no correlation between the time of onset of the carpal tunnel syndrome and such factors as the patient's age, sex, or race; the cause of renal failure; the site of vascular access for hemodialysis; or a history of parathyroidectomy. There was a correlation, however, between the development of the carpal tunnel syndrome, the side of the longest functional vascular access, and the presence of arterial calcifications. In all eleven patients in whom a radial steal syndrome developed, an ipsilateral carpal-tunnel syndrome also developed. It was concluded that factors other than those involving the site of vascular access must have important etiological roles.
Queens Artificial Kidney Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York City, New York 10128.