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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 17

of 'Dialysis-related amyloidosis'

Stimulation of mononuclear cells by contact with cuprophan membranes: further increase of beta 2-microglobulin synthesis by activated late complement components.
Schoels M, Jahn B, Hug F, Deppisch R, Ritz E, Hänsch GM
Am J Kidney Dis. 1993;21(4):394.
Contact of mononuclear cells (MNC) with cuprophan membranes in vitro causes an increase in beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2m) synthesis. Since in vivo the dialyzer membrane is rapidly coated with plasma proteins, contact activation of MNC was tested in the presence of normal human serum (NHS). After contact with cuprophan, deposition of C5b-9 on the cells was seen, followed by an increase in beta 2m synthesis and cytokine release, exceeding that seen after contact activation in the absence of serum. Inactivated serum or serum deficient in C8 did not increase beta 2m production, indicating that the additional activation was due to complement C5b-9. The results suggest that there are two cuprophan-related mechanisms of cell activation: one by contact of cells with the membrane, the other by the complement activation products. Both might synergistically contribute to an increased beta 2m synthesis in hemodialysis patients.
Institut für Immunologie, Ruprecht-Karls Universität, Heidelberg, Germany.