Diagnostic approach to the patient with newly identified chronic kidney disease
- Pedram Fatehi, MD, MPH
Pedram Fatehi, MD, MPH
- Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine
- Stanford University School of Medicine
- Chi-yuan Hsu, MD, MSc
Chi-yuan Hsu, MD, MSc
- Professor of Medicine
- University of California, San Francisco
Patients with kidney disease may have a variety of clinical presentations. Some have symptoms or signs that are directly referable to the kidney (such as hematuria) or to associated extrarenal manifestations (edema, hypertension, signs of uremia). Many patients are asymptomatic and are incidentally noted to have an elevated serum creatinine, which may have been (or upon further investigation is found to be) stable for years.
This topic reviews the evaluation of patients with newly identified chronic kidney disease (CKD).
The evaluation of patients who present with subacute or acute kidney injury (AKI) is discussed elsewhere. (See "Diagnostic approach to adult patients with subacute kidney injury in an outpatient setting" and "Evaluation of acute kidney injury among hospitalized adult patients".)
The management of CKD patients is discussed elsewhere. (See "Evaluation of acute kidney injury among hospitalized adult patients" and "Overview of the management of chronic kidney disease in adults".)
The evaluation of patients with an elevated creatinine of any duration includes:To continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
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- Disease duration
- MAJOR CAUSES AND CLASSIFICATION OF KIDNEY DISEASE
- Prerenal disease
- Intrinsic renal vascular disease
- Intrinsic glomerular disease
- Intrinsic tubular and interstitial disease
- Postrenal (obstructive nephropathy)
- CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
- SOCIETY GUIDELINE LINKS
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS