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Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate for contraception

Andrew M Kaunitz, MD
Section Editor
Courtney A Schreiber, MD, MPH
Deputy Editor
Kristen Eckler, MD, FACOG


Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) is an injectable, progestin-only contraceptive that provides highly effective, private, relatively long-acting (three months), reversible contraception. Use of DMPA eliminates both the need for user action daily or near the time of sexual intercourse and the need for partner cooperation.

DMPA is a good contraceptive option for the following groups of women:

Women who do not want to take a contraceptive pill daily

Women who have a contraindication to, or wish to avoid, an estrogen-containing contraceptive

Women who would like to eliminate regular menses

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Oct 13, 2017.
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