Medline ® Abstract for Reference 14
of 'Cutaneous leishmaniasis: Epidemiology and control'
Ongoing epidemic of cutaneous leishmaniasis among Syrian refugees, Lebanon.
Saroufim M, Charafeddine K, Issa G, Khalifeh H, Habib RH, Berry A, Ghosn N, Rady A, Khalifeh I
Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Oct;20(10):1712-5.
In September 2012, a cutaneous leishmaniasis outbreak began among Syrian refugees in Lebanon. For 948 patients in whom leishmaniasis was not confirmed, we obtained samples for microscopic confirmation and molecular speciation. We identified Leishmania tropica in 85% and L. major in 15% of patients. After 3 months of megulamine antimonite therapy, patients initial cure rate was 82%.