Medline ® Abstract for Reference 38
of 'Comorbid disease in psoriasis'
Systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome.
Rodríguez-Zúñiga MJM, García-Perdomo HA
J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017;77(4):657.
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown a relationship between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome (MS), but no meta-analysis has been restricted to studies that adjusted for confounders.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between psoriasis and MS.
METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies on psoriasis and MS in adults was performed from MEDLINE, Scopus, SciELO, Google Scholar, Science Direct, and LILACS from inception to January 2016. We performed a random effects model meta-analysis for those studies reporting adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The subgroup analysis was related to geographic location, diagnosis criteria and risk of bias.
RESULTS: In all, 14 papers including a total of 25,042 patients with psoriasis were analyzed. We found that MS was present in 31.4% of patients with psoriasis (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.28-1.65). Middle Eastern studies(in Israel, Turkey, and Lebanon) (OR, 1.76, 95% CI, 0.86-2.67) reported a greater risk for MS than European studies (in Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, Norway, and Denmark) (OR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.25-1.55).
LIMITATIONS: Few adjusted studies existed, and there was inconsistency between publications.
CONCLUSION: Because of the increased risk for MS, clinicians should consider screening patients with psoriasis for metabolic risk factors.
Dermatology Department, Hospital Nacional Daniel Alcides Carrion. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru. Electronic address: Milton_rz@hotmail.com.