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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 49

of 'Clinical manifestations, pathologic features, and diagnosis of T cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia'

Lack of BLV and PTLV DNA sequences in the majority of patients with large granular lymphocyte leukaemia.
Perzova RN, Loughran TP, Dube S, Ferrer J, Esteban E, Poiesz BJ
Br J Haematol. 2000;109(1):64.
The primate T-cell lymphoma/leukaemia viruses (PTLV) and bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) comprise a unique genus of retroviruses, infection with which induces seroreactivity in the host against conserved epitopes in their p24 gag and gp21 env cognate proteins. Herein, we have confirmed this serocrossreactivity. Patients with large granular lymphocyte (LGL) leukaemia have frequent seroreactivity to the p24 and gp21 env proteins of human T-cell lymphoma/leukaemia virus I (HTLV-I), one of the species in the genus. However, only a small minority of patients are actually infected with prototypic HTLV-I or HTLV-II, another species within the group. In an attempt to determine whether LGL leukaemia might be associated with other members of the PTLV/BLV genus, we examined the peripheral blood mononuclear cell DNA of 22 HTLV p24 and/or gp21 seropositive LGL leukaemia patients via PCR using degenerate and specific primer pair/probe systems capable of detecting all known members of the PTLV/BLV genus. None of the samples was positive. These data indicate that although HTLV-II may be associated with some cases of LGL leukaemia most patients are not infected with a PTLV or BLV virus.
Department of Medicine, SUNY Health Science Center, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA.