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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 109

of 'Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and staging of exocrine pancreatic cancer'

Vascular involvement in pancreatic adenocarcinoma: reassessment by thin-section CT.
Loyer EM, David CL, Dubrow RA, Evans DB, Charnsangavej C
Abdom Imaging. 1996;21(3):202.
We defined computed tomographic (CT) criteria of vascular involvement by pancreatic carcinoma and used these criteria to assess vascular involvement in 56 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. CT of the pancreas was performed at 1.5-mm section thickness and 5-mm section intervals during a bolus phase of intravenous contrast enhancement. The type of vascular involvement was correlated with surgical and pathologic findings. When there was fat-plane (type A) or normal pancreatic parenchyma (type B) separating the tumor from adjacent vessels, the tumor could be resected without venous resection in 21 of 22 patients (95%). When the tumor was inseparable from the vessels but the points of contact formed a convexity against the vessel (type C), CT was not reliable in predicting whether or not the tumor was fixed against the vessel. When the tumor was partially encircling (type D) the vessel, the tumor was fixed against the vessels in most cases. The resectable rate was 47%, but resection would also require venous resection. When the tumor was completely encircling (type E) or occluding (type F) the vessel, all tumors were not resectable with a negative margin. Thin-section CT with bolus intravenous contrast enhancement improved the ability to assess vascular involvement in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA.