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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 26

of 'Clinical manifestations and evaluation of spontaneous primary ovarian insufficiency (premature ovarian failure)'

Gonadal (ovarian) dysgenesis in 46,XX individuals: frequency of the autosomal recessive form.
Meyers CM, Boughman JA, Rivas M, Wilroy RS, Simpson JL
Am J Med Genet. 1996;63(4):518.
Gonadal (ovarian) dysgenesis with normal chromosomes (46,XX) clearly is a heterogeneous condition. In some forms, the defect is restricted to the gonads, whereas other affected females show neurosensory hearing loss (Perrault syndrome). In another form, brothers may have germ cell aplasia [Granat et al., Fertil Steril 1983; 40:215-219]. Nongenetic causes exist as well. To elucidate the proportion of XX gonadal (ovarian) dysgenesis due to autosomal recessive genes, we analyzed published (N = 17) and unpublished (N = 8) families having at least two female offspring. Analysis was restricted to cases in whom ovarian failure was documented by the presence of streak ovaries (published cases) or elevated gonadotropins (unpublished cases). We reasoned that the closer to that segregation ratio expected for an autosomal recessive trait (0.25), the lower the frequency of nongenetic forms. Segregation analysis utilized standard correction for single ascertainment, with only females included in the preliminary analysis. The segregation ratio estimate was 0.16. Our results suggest that many 46,XX females with gonadal (ovarian) dysgenesis represent a disorder segregating as an autosomal recessive trait, placing sisters of these cases at a 25% risk for this disorder.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Maryland, Baltimore 21201, USA.