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Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of myofascial pelvic pain syndrome in women

Eman Elkadry, MD, FACOG
Leah K Moynihan, RNC, MSN
Section Editor
Linda Brubaker, MD, FACOG
Deputy Editor
Kristen Eckler, MD, FACOG


Myofascial pelvic pain syndrome (MPPS) is a source of chronic pelvic pain in women and men that is defined by short, tight, tender pelvic floor muscles that include palpable nodules or trigger points that cause referred pain. The pain can be continuous or episodic. MPPS can impact urinary, bowel, and sexual function. As pelvic pain is a common reason for women to seek health care and many women with chronic pelvic pain have some degree of MPPS, clinicians need to include this syndrome in the differential when evaluating women with pelvic pain.

Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of MPPS in women are reviewed here. Treatment of this condition and other causes of pelvic pain in women are reviewed separately.

(See "Treatment of myofascial pelvic pain syndrome in women".)

(See "Pelvic floor physical therapy for management of myofascial pelvic pain syndrome in women".)

(See "Evaluation of acute pelvic pain in women".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 07, 2017.
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