Classification of sleep disorders
- Brooke G Judd, MD
Brooke G Judd, MD
- Assistant Professor of Psychiatry (Sleep Medicine) and Medicine
- Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
- Michael J Sateia, MD
Michael J Sateia, MD
- Professor of Psychiatry (Sleep Medicine), Emeritus
- Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Diagnostic classification of sleep disorders is important because it standardizes definitions, improves awareness of the conditions, promotes a broad differential diagnosis, and facilitates a systematic diagnostic approach.
The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD) is the most widely used classification system for sleep disorders. The third edition of the ICSD (ICSD-3) includes seven major categories of sleep disorders :
●Sleep-related breathing disorders
●Central disorders of hypersomnolenceTo continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
- American Academy of Sleep Medicine. International Classification of Sleep Disorders, 3rd ed, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Darien, IL 2014.
- Sateia MJ. International classification of sleep disorders-third edition: highlights and modifications. Chest 2014; 146:1387.
- Berry RB, Brooks R, Gamaldo CE, et al. The AASM Manual for the Scoring of Sleep and Associated Events: Rules, Terminology and Technical Specifications, version 2.4, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Darien IL 2017.
- American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), American Psychiatric Association, Arlington, VA 2013.
- Chronic insomnia
- Short-term insomnia
- SLEEP-RELATED BREATHING DISORDERS
- Central sleep apnea syndromes
- Obstructive sleep apnea syndromes
- Sleep-related hypoventilation disorders
- CENTRAL DISORDERS OF HYPERSOMNOLENCE
- Idiopathic hypersomnia
- Kleine-Levin syndrome
- Other hypersomnias
- CIRCADIAN RHYTHM SLEEP-WAKE DISORDERS
- NREM-related parasomnias
- REM-related parasomnias
- Other parasomnias
- SLEEP-RELATED MOVEMENT DISORDERS
- Restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease
- Periodic limb movement disorder
- OTHER SLEEP DISORDERS
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS