Medline ® Abstract for Reference 72
of 'Cholangioscopy and pancreatoscopy'
Role of single-operator peroral cholangioscopy in the diagnosis of indeterminate biliary lesions: a single-center, prospective study.
Ramchandani M, Reddy DN, Gupta R, Lakhtakia S, Tandan M, Darisetty S, Sekaran A, Rao GV
Gastrointest Endosc. 2011;74(3):511. Epub 2011 Jul 7.
BACKGROUND: Currently available techniques to diagnose indeterminate biliary lesions have many limitations.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of single-operator peroral cholangioscopy by using the SpyGlass system to differentiate malignant from benign disease in patients with indeterminate biliary lesions.
DESIGN: Prospective, single-arm, single-center study.
SETTING: Tertiary referral center.
PATIENTS: Thirty-six patients with indeterminate biliary strictures and filling defects who had inconclusive results on previous biliary ductal tissue sampling.
INTERVENTIONS: SpyGlass cholangioscopy with cholangioscopically guided intraductal biopsies.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Accuracy of SpyGlass visual impression and SpyBite biopsies for differentiating malignant from benign ductal lesions.
RESULTS: Thirty-six patients (22 men, mean age 48.3 years [range 27-68 years]) with indeterminate stricture and/or filling defects underwent SpyGlass cholangioscopy. Of the 22 patients with a final diagnosis of malignant lesion, cholangioscopic impression was malignant in 21 patients (95%) and benign in 1 patient (5%). Of the 14 patients with a final diagnosis of benign disease, including the 3 patients with common bile duct stones and no stricture, cholangioscopic impression was malignant in 3 patients (21%) and benign in 11 patients (79%). The overall accuracy of SpyGlass visual impression for differentiating malignant from benign ductal lesions was 89% (32/36). The accuracy of SpyBite biopsies for differentiating malignant from benign ductal lesions that were inconclusive on ERCP-guided brushing or biopsy was 82% (27/33) in an intent-to-treat analysis.
LIMITATIONS: No randomized comparison with alternative diagnostic modalities for the nature of biliary strictures.
CONCLUSIONS: SpyGlass cholangioscopy with SpyBite biopsies has a high accuracy with regard to confirming or excluding malignancy in patients with indeterminate biliary lesions.
Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, India.