Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 15

of 'Cholangioscopy and pancreatoscopy'

Cholangiopancreatoscopy for targeted biopsies of the bile and pancreatic ducts.
Iqbal S, Stevens PD
Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2009;19(4):567.
Establishing a tissue diagnosis in patients with suspected pancreaticobiliary malignancies remains challenging. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-based sampling methods have been reviewed in a previous issue of this journal but, unfortunately, the diagnostic yield continues to be inadequate in a significant minority of patients. The availability and image quality of cholangioscopy and pancreatoscopy have advanced in the last few years and our ability to make a diagnosis on imaging alone is improving. However, a definitive diagnosis requires tissue; cholangiopancreatoscopy allows targeted biopsies of the epithelium of the biliary and pancreatic ducts. This article reviews the evidence that cholangioscopy- and pancreatoscopy-guided biopsies improves diagnostic yield over ERCP-based tissue sampling techniques.
Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, P&S 10-508, 630 West 168th Street, NY 10032, USA.