Medline ® Abstract for Reference 131
of 'Chemotherapy for advanced exocrine pancreatic cancer'
Second-line oxaliplatin, folinic acid, and fluorouracil versus folinic acid and fluorouracil alone for gemcitabine-refractory pancreatic cancer: outcomes from the CONKO-003 trial.
Oettle H, Riess H, Stieler JM, Heil G, Schwaner I, Seraphin J, Görner M, Mölle M, Greten TF, Lakner V, Bischoff S, Sinn M, Dörken B, Pelzer U
J Clin Oncol. 2014;32(23):2423.
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of a second-line regimen of oxaliplatin and folinic acid-modulated fluorouracil in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer who have experienced progression while receiving gemcitabine monotherapy.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomized, open-label, phase III study was conducted in 16 institutions throughout Germany. Recruitment ran from January 2004 until May 2007, and the last follow-up concluded in December 2012. Overall, 168 patients age 18 years or older who experienced disease progression during first-line gemcitabine therapy were randomly assigned to folinic acid and fluorouracil (FF) or oxaliplatin and FF (OFF). Patients were stratified according to the presence of metastases, duration of first-line therapy, and Karnofsky performance status.
RESULTS: Median follow-up was 54.1 months, and 160 patients were eligible for the primary analysis. The median overall survival in the OFF group (5.9 months; 95% CI, 4.1 to 7.4) versus the FF group (3.3 months; 95% CI, 2.7 to 4.0) was significantly improved (hazard ratio [HR], 0.66; 95% CI, 0.48 to 0.91; log-rank P = .010). Time to progression with OFF (2.9 months; 95% CI, 2.4 to 3.2) versus FF (2.0 months; 95% CI, 1.6 to 2.3) was significantly extended also (HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.50 to 0.94; log-rank P = .019). Rates of adverse events were similar between treatment arms, with the exception of grades 1 to 2 neurotoxicity, which were reported in 29 patients (38.2%) and six patients (7.1%) in the OFF and FF groups, respectively (P<.001).
CONCLUSION: Second-line OFF significantly extended the duration of overall survival when compared with FF alone in patients with advanced gemcitabine-refractory pancreatic cancer.
Helmut Oettle, Hanno Riess, Jens M. Stieler, Sven Bischoff, Marianne Sinn, Bernd Dörken, and Uwe Pelzer, CharitěUniversitätsmedizin; Ingo Schwaner, Clinical Center, Berlin; Helmut Oettle, Clinical Center, Friedrichschafen; Gerhard Heil, Clinical Center, Lüdenscheid; Jörg Seraphin, Clinical Center, Northeim; Martin Görner, Clinical Center, Bielefeld; Matthias Mölle, Clinical Center, Dresden; Tim F. Greten, Hannover Medical School, Hannover; and Volker Lakner, Clinical Center, Rostock, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org.