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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 39

of 'Cervicogenic headache'

Migraine and tension-type headache: an assessment of challenges in diagnosis.
Kaniecki RG
Neurology. 2002;58(9 Suppl 6):S15.
The difficulty in distinguishing episodic tension-type headache from migraine headache is widely acknowledged. The misdiagnosis of migraine as tension-type headache has potentially significant consequences because it may preclude patients with disabling headaches from receiving appropriate treatment. This article explores the symptomatologic, epidemiologic, and pathophysiologic relationships among migraine and tension-type headaches with the aim of elucidating ways to improve their diagnosis and treatment. Clinical, epidemiologic, and pharmacologic data converge to suggest that rigid adherence to the IHS criteria in diagnosing migraine and tension-type headache may result in misdiagnosis of some headaches. Many migraine attacks are accompanied by tension headache-like symptoms, such as neck pain. Conversely, IHS-defined tension-type headaches are often accompanied by migraine-like symptoms, such as photophobia or phonophobia and aggravation by activity. The health-care provider caring for patients with headache should be cognizant of these overlaps and their implications for the management of patients with headache.
University of Pittsburgh Headache Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.